Seeing the world clearly begins with having healthy eyes. Your visit with the doctor begins with a thorough review of medical and ocular history, as well as a focus on the primary reason for your visit and your lifestyle needs. Examination tests include:
This test measures your ability to see at a distance using a 6M or 20FT notation on a computerized eye chart. We will also measure your ability for reading as well.
We test the co-ordination or eye-teaming of the muscles controlling focus and alignment of the visual system. Your optometrist may decide to perform stereoacuity (depth perception) testing as well.
This measures the peripheral field of vision in each eye with sophisticated computerized technology. It can help your Doctor of Optometry detect conditions such as glaucoma or neurological disease from the patterns of blind spots that may show in the vision.
A series of lenses is shown to you to improve your level of vision to its fullest potential for clarity. Specific techniques are used to ensure your prescription is balanced properly and check for eye fatigue.
Our advanced ophthalmic instruments allows for screening of ocular diseases such as cataract, glaucoma and macular degeneration. This portion of the examination includes eye pressure testing, digital retinal imaging and dilated fundus exam.
The doctor will then review the results of the examination and make recommendations for treatment customized to suit your visual goals and demands. This may include task-specific eyewear, lens coatings, tints or sunwear.
Children can be tested for an eye examination from the age of 6 months + , with the recommended first examination by age of 2 years and annual examinations thereafter. OHIP will cover the examinations once a year until the age of 19 years.
We utilize special vision charts and equipment to test eye muscle co-ordination, vision and eye teaming. An objective check for prescription can be done with your child focused on a video screen in our office without any verbal cues required. Ocular health can be tested in a non-invasive way and is done to ensure that there are no physiological barriers to your child's eye development.
Be alert for symptoms that may indicate your child has a visual problem:
red, itchy or watering eyes
sensitivity to light
an eye that consistently turns in or out
squinting, rubbing the eyes, or excessive blinking
a lack of concentration
covering or closing one eye
irritability or short attention span
holding objects too close
avoiding books and television
visible frustration or grimacing
To better document, monitor and educate our patients on certain eye conditions, Specs & Spines Optometry offers high resolution retinal photography.
Digital retinal photography is the new standard of care for a routine eye examination. This technology allows you to observe what your optometrist sees looking inside the eye. Retinal photography also provides a long term record of your eye health, which can be referenced at a later date, especially if your eye health status changes. With our latest technology of the Nidek AFC-210 Digital Retinal Camera, we can document the health of the optic nerve, macula and blood vessels with pupils as small as 3.0 mm in size.
Our Doctors of Optometry recommend retinal photographs for all new patients, from young children to the elderly. In particular, presence of disease such as diabetes, high blood pressure, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, optic nerve disease, retinal degenerations, retinal lesions and retinal detachments are well documented for records with the technology and strongly recommended by our doctors.
Our doctors will assess your candidacy for contact lenses using results from your eye examination. Your prescription, corneal curvature, tear film quality and lifestyle are all taken into consideration to determine the healthiest contact lens for your eyes.
If you are a current contact lens wearer and require an updated prescription, we provide contact lens assessments to ensure your lens gives you optimal clarity and comfort that you can achieve. We also review any new advancements in lens or solution compatibility that may improve your wear of contact lenses.
We are pleased to offer fitting services in spherical, toric (astigmatism) and multifocal lenses, as well as rigid gas permeable lenses for regular, keratoconic and specialty fits.
This fitting includes insertion and removal lessons with qualified staff, trial contact lenses, starter kits for contact lens solution and follow up appointments up to a year from your first visit to ensure the proper fit and vision for your lifestyle.
A contact lens assessment includes a review of wear time, habits and solutions used with the current lenses with our doctor. We will assess the fit of the lenses and update the prescription power, if required.
Refitting fees to improve comfort or clarity of your contact lenses can vary depending on the new lens design required. The doctor will issue new trial lenses and reassess you at a follow-up to ensure you have committed to the right lenses.
Contact lens prescriptions, once finalized, are valid for one year. You can then proceed to order a supply of contact lenses and refitting fees will be deducted off any purchase of an annual supply of lenses through our office.
There are several surgical options available when considering refractive eye surgery to reduce your dependence on glasses or contact lenses. As your primary eye care professional, we can offer an informed and honest opinion regarding your candidacy for any of the refractive surgery options available. Following refractive surgery, your Doctor of Optometry can help manage the use of the antibiotic, steroid and artificial teardrops required to aid the healing process.
We are proud to be affiliated with the following laser eye surgery centres:
If you have something wrong with your eyes, you don't need to wait to see your regular doctor or sit in the emergency room - contact our office and we will often offer same-day appointments for eye emergencies, such as:
In addition to helping detect, treat and prevent eye diseases, as Doctors of Optometry, we can provide care for urgent eye health issues like infections, inflammation, allergies and eye injuries, including removing foreign bodies from the eye. As trained specialists, we can assess unusual or sudden vision changes and various conditions causing eye pain – and, when necessary, provide referrals to other specialists.
If you or someone close to you has been diagnosed with Type-1 or Type-2 diabetes, then you already know about the importance of an annual dilated retinal exam by an optometrist. But did you know that diabetes is still one of the leading causes of vision loss in Canada. Many patients with diabetes simply fail to book these eye appointments, because they don't not know how important they are.
At Specs & Spines Optometry, we would like to help you manage your diabetes. You can reduce your risk of diabetic eye disease through routine eye health examinations and proper disease management with your diabetic specialist. Optometrists are uniquely able to view the early signs of damage from diabetes, as we have the tools and instruments to examine the small blood vessels within your eyes. When detected early, diabetic eye disease can be better managed and stabilized.
Diabetes can increase your chance of developing many types of eye health conditions, some of which include:
Patients diagnosed with diabetes may feel that they can only see an ophthalmologist because of their diagnosis, but this is not the case. Optometrists are well trained to detect and manage diabetic eye disease. Specs & Spines Optometry offers high resolution digital retinal photography to help detect early signs of diabetic retinopathy. Our clinic also provides convenient appointment times, and the simplicity of online scheduling to make these appointments painless.
If diabetic retinopathy or other diabetic related eye disease is discovered by your optometrist, our office will ensure that all the appropriate referrals are made. At your request, we will also provide written reports to your family physician to ensure that they are up to date with your visual health.
Eye See…Eye Learn® provides comprehensive eye exams by participating local optometrists to junior kindergarten students across Ontario. The eye exams are covered under provincial health insurance (or OHIP) when you show your child’s health card. This means that there is no out-of-pocket cost for the eye exam.
If the child requires a pair of glasses, they will receive a complimentary pair donated by Nikon Lenswear, OGI and your participating optometrist. The value of the glasses is estimated over $250.
The Eye See...Eye Learn® program was developed to raise awareness among parents of the importance of having their children's eyes checked when starting school. Each year, thousands of children start school without ever having an eye exam.
Children who cannot see the board, focus on a picture or follow words in a book may struggle to achieve their full learning potential. Vision problems can also impact their hand-eye coordination for physical activities and even impact their social development. In fact, 80 per cent of learning comes directly through vision. Learn more in the following video:
The Ontario Association of Optometrists (OAO) recognizes the important link between eye health and learning, and recommends comprehensive eye examinations for all children entering junior kindergarten. The Eye See...Eye Learn® program will help make sure our kindergarten students get the best start to learning.
The program is funded in part by the Government of Ontario. Specs & Spines and Dr. Ivy Koh are advocates and participants in this special program - don't wait to book your child's eye examination today!
Please arrive 10 minutes prior to your scheduled appointment. You are always welcome to arrive earlier and spend some time perusing the eyewear collection or having a complimentary coffee or tea.
Most eye exams take 40 minutes to an hour for new patients. Additional time may be required however, if more tests or services are performed.
Being well-prepared for your eye exam will help your appointment go smoothly. Please bring the following items:
Your most recent prescription eyewear or a copy of the previous prescription
Yes. Every patient at Specs & Spines Optometry is given a copy of their eyeglass prescription at the conclusion of a comprehensive eye examination, even if you don't require eyeglasses.
Yes. We love seeing new faces! If you would like to be seen by one of our optometrists, please give us a call.
During the course of the examination, if our optometrist finds an eye disease that is eligible for coverage, we will inform you and confirm your eligibility. The guidelines for eligible diagnostic conditions to bill OHIP are very specific, and your optometrist will be able to advise if you would qualify. In addition, some emergency or red-eye visits may be eligible for OHIP coverage depending on the outcome of the examination and having your OHIP information on file helps us process this faster.
For spectacle prescriptions that were filled at the dispensary at Specs & Spines Optometry, an office visit to recheck the prescription will be provided and if new lenses are necessary, they will be changed at no charge within 90 days of the exam date. Re-check visits and/or new lenses after 90 days will be charged a partial exam fee.
For our spectacle prescriptions that were filled at another optical, if a lens prescription change is needed after glasses are made, the new prescription will be provided at no charge within 90 days of the exam date. Re-check visits after 90 days from date of examination will be charged a partial exam fee. We will not be responsible for any lens or frame charges incurred. Most reputable optical dispensaries allow doctor Rx changes at no charge, but it is up to the patient to inquire about such policies in advance of purchase.